Lebed, Aleksandr Ivanovich

Lebed, Aleksandr Ivanovich
   Military commander and politician. Born in Novocherkassk, a Cossack-dominated area of Rostov Oblast, Aleksandr Lebed descended from a line of military veterans. He joined the Soviet army in 1970 and served with distinction in the Soviet-Afghan War, before being deployed to the Caucasus during the ethnic turmoil of 1989–1990. In 1991, he defied orders by the leaders of the August Coup to move on Boris Yeltsin’s position at the White House, issuing a crippling blow to the putschists. After Russia’s independence, he was dispatched to Transnistria, where he gained national prominence for his support of ethnic Russians and other Slavs in the breakaway Moldovan province.
   After years of simmering tension with Minister of Defense Pavel Grachev, Lebed resigned his commission on 30 May 1995 and entered politics as leader of the nationalist Congress of Russian Communities. While his party underperformed, he won a seat in the State Duma. He challenged Yeltsin in the 1996 presidential election, finishing third with 14.5 percent of the vote in the first round. In an attempt to win away nationalist voters from Gennady Zyuganov in the runoff, Yeltsin placed Lebed in charge of the Security Council of the Russian Federation two days after the first poll; Lebed endorsed Yeltsin a few days later. Lebed represented the federal government at the Khasav-Yurt Accord, thus ending the first Chechen War. After his dismissal from Yeltsin’s cabinet over a dispute with the Interior Minister Anatoly Kulikov, Lebed entered regional politics, winning the governorship of Krasnoyarsk Krai in 1998. During the next year, he maintained a high profile nationally, and was widely assumed to be the front-runner in the coming presidential elections. However, Yeltsin outmaneuvered him by choosing the unknown Vladimir Putin as his successor. On 28 April 2002, Lebed’s helicopter crashed in the Sayan Mountains, triggering conspiracy theories that still persist. His biography, General Alexander Lebed: My Life and My Country (1997), reflected his strong belief in the importance of the military but evinced his lack of a cogent political platform for Russia during its most troubled period.

Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. . 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lebed, Aleksandr Ivanovich — ▪ 2003       Soviet general and politician (b. April 20, 1950, Novocherkassk, near Rostov, Russian S.F.S.R., U.S.S.R. d. April 28, 2002, Abakan, Russia), was a decorated military hero who made headlines in 1991 when he refused to lead troops… …   Universalium

  • Aleksandr Lebed — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar …   Wikipedia Español

  • Alexander Ivanovich Lebed — Alexander Lebed 1996 auf einer Pressekonferenz in Moskau Alexander Iwanowitsch Lebed (russisch Александр Иванович Лебедь; * 20. April 1950 in Nowotscherkassk; † 28. April 2002 bei Abakan) war ein …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Aleksey Lebed — Aleksey Ivanovich Lebed ( ru. Алексей Иванович Лебедь) (born 14 April 1955 in Novocherkassk) is president of Khakassia Administrative Republic since 1997. He is a brother of Aleksandr Lebed …   Wikipedia

  • Russia — /rush euh/, n. 1. Also called Russian Empire. Russian, Rossiya. a former empire in E Europe and N and W Asia: overthrown by the Russian Revolution 1917. Cap.: St. Petersburg (1703 1917). 2. See Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. 3. See Russian… …   Universalium

  • Military Affairs — ▪ 2009 Introduction        Russia and Georgia fought a short, intense war in 2008, fueling global fears of a new Cold War. On August 7 Georgia launched an aerial bombardment and ground attacks against its breakaway province of South Ossetia.… …   Universalium

  • World Affairs — ▪ 2004 Introduction Dominating the international scene in 2003 were the U.S. led war in Iraq and the worldwide reaction to the invasion, which occurred without the sanction of the UN Security Council; the ouster of Charles Taylor in Liberia; the… …   Universalium

  • 106th Guards Airborne Division (Russia) — Infobox Military Unit unit name=16th Guards Airborne Division (1944) 106th Guards Rifle Division (1944 45) 106th Guards Airborne Division (1945 present) caption=106th Guards Airborne Division shoulder insignia country=Soviet Union, Russian… …   Wikipedia

  • Burials at the Novodevichy Cemetery — Notable burials: A C = *Sergey Afanasyev (1918 ndash;2001), first Soviet space industry minister *Ivan Agayants (1911 ndash;1968), a KGB officer and foreign spy *Sergei Aksakov (1791 ndash;1859), a writer *Abraham Alikhanov, a physicist *Nadezhda …   Wikipedia

  • Russian Airborne Troops — Vozdushno Desantnye Voyska Air Landing Forces VDV medium emblem. Active 1930s – present Country …   Wikipedia